Sunday, March 16, 2008

Palm Sunday without palm!

On Palm Sunday children from Sunday schools taking the streets and shout together -

“Hosanna; blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord. Blessed be the kingdom of our father David, that cometh in the name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest” (Mark 11:9-10).

They raised the palm in their hands as high as they can. After taking the streets they gathered at their own local church to have a mass. A beautiful scene to announce the glory of the highest, a slogan shouted in the days of Jesus, by the crowd in Jerusalem when Jesus entered there as a king. Palm Sunday became one event that children do not miss. A special day for the children to announce Jesus is the King. In fact you can see beautiful pictures of children taking the street, posted by j (

A point I want to mention, by making a bold statement- ‘palm Sunday without palm’ is due to many environmental and economic concern. Let us consider the fact that this number of children across the state will require that amount of palm. The cost of a palm leaves for one morning, which will then turn into a waste. The amount of green tree we have to fell for one Sunday morning. The amount of oxygen they could have produced when alive. The amount of Carbon dioxide they would have consumed knowing the fact that our carbon dioxide level is the highest during february to march each year due to jhum burning. The matter of the fact is that we do not cultivate palm for this occasion and rely on the wild stock. How long will this stock last?

I googled fanatically to find out what type of palm tree we use for this occasion and find out that its scientific name is Caryota urens. They are commonly called solitary fishtail palm, toddy palm, wine palm or jaggery palm. They are found in many tropical countries.
( for more information on details and uses refer to- ).

So, considering the fact that global warming is an issue and the responsibility lies with every individual on this planet to safe the world by planting more trees. It is time to consider our ways of life so as to limit the damage to nature.

(Special thanks to Tluanga and BNA MZU for information on palm tree)

Friday, March 14, 2008


Environment and Forest Department


Agriculture Department


Horticulture Department


Soil Conservation Department


AH& Department


Fisheries Department


Rural Development Department


Industries Department


Sericulture Department


Supply Department


Health Department


Information Department









(Bamboo Flowering & Famine Combat Scheme)

As reported by the local newspaper Vanglani, dated 13th march 2008, a report from the Assembly session extract, the amount of money spent on BAFFACOS was Rs.12036. Lakhs. The chief Minister of Mizoram, Mr Zoramthanga added that the amount sanctioned for Baffacos is Rs. 12,500.00 lakhs. The amount distributed among various Department under Govt. of Mizoram are shown in the table. BAFFACOS is a pilot project financed by the Government of India to combat famine related to Bamboo flowering in Mizoram which happens every 50 years. During the last bamboo flowering, in the year 1957 records suggest that there was a widespread famine throughout the state and the Government of India and the then State Government, Assam failed to address the situation is one reason which led to the uprising among the locals to fight for Independence from India.

Bamboo flowers, it flowers every 50 years bearing seeds which will be the next generation bamboo. It’s a natural phenomena, the process of nature to refresh the genetic composition of the bamboo species. This genetic programme inside the bamboo leads to the expression of certain genes producing proteins and activate some hormones to trigger bamboo to flower. Certain genes are then activated after flowering to die, a mass suicide, in scientific term we call it apoptosis or cell death. It is a natural process occurring in every organism. A simple example is our blood RBC’s which die every 120 days or 3 months.

A widespread coincidence or common phenomena occurs in the last bamboo flowering period. There is a rapid increase in the rat populations which destroys all the cultivated areas in the state, renders the people helpless and starves. It is not known that this was a related or separate phenomenon. Is the state unlucky that the bamboo flowering coincides with mass migration of rat species? What type of rat species? We don’t know?

The sad fact is that the Government of Mizoram with this amount of money do not set up Scientific investigation team to look into the very much needed biology of the bamboo flowering. Stopping the bamboo flowering is out of question, since it is a natural process, but the nature and effects can and must be studied for future generations. Much needed investigation are the biology of the bamboo which flowers. Isolating the part, the genes, the proteins, the hormones and the nature of the genetic composition are a must. In this Genetic age, we must look into the genetic perspective to understand the biology of the bamboo. Secondly, the ecology. Since bamboo is the dominant population of many forest in the state, it is important to study their biology, in terms of their mass death and its effect. A mass death will have adverse effects on the Ecology of the region, fertility of the soil, the composition of many mammals, birds, reptiles etc which are dependent on the bamboo forest for their survival. Investigation must be done on the regeneration capacity of the bamboo and vice versa.

There are many aspects which have to be studied, which for a non science background will just be boring. The fact remains, which is that bamboo flowering needs more scientific investigation. But as shown by the money distribution, no money, not a single peny have been allocated to investigate this incident, which in fact is one of the greatest failure of this project, BAFFACOS.


Piscean quality
Imaginative and sensitive, Compassionate and kind, Selfless and unworldly, Intuitive and sympathetic ....
On the dark side….
Escapist and idealisticSecretive and vagueWeak-willed and easily led..

What would it mean to be one!. . I googled and find many so called ’star signs’ which as a christians do not have faith in it/them. But, nevertheless these qualities which mention in the star signs, tends to be correct, not all, but some. As a christian we have to remeber that power comes from darker side. Power itself is the reason for the conflict in heaven.

A new experience

The year starts in a good note. The fact that i will be in a course in one of the best University in the world spurs an excitement. But the matter of the fact that the fear of not living upto the expectations make me hesitate a bit. As i entered the course i soon find out the diversity of participants all over India and Sri Lanka. It was a good experience to interact with all the participants in the course.One of the most wonderful experience come from the course. The thirst for knowledge is one of the most envying aspect, which we lack in many places. The second in the input of intelectual ideas in the current scenario, the analysis and the discussion forum in which we play a part. This, apart from the other experiences would, i think, makes it memorable


'Love is passion, obsession, someone you can’t live without. If you don’t start with that, what are you going to end up with? Fall head over heels. I say find someone you can love like crazy and who’ll love you the same way back. And how do you find him? Forget your head and listen to your heart. I’m not hearing any heart. Run the risk, if you get hurt, you’ll come back. Because, the truth is there is no sense living your life without this. To make the journey and not fall deeply in love - well, you haven’t lived a life at all. You have to try. Because if you haven’t tried, you haven’t lived”
This is a quotation from the movie- Meet Joe Black. What struck me is the fact that, will i find someone whom i love like crazy and who’ll love me back in the same way. In this material world we look for security, in terms of wealth and sometimes emotions. The quote that takes me away goes - Forget your head and listen to your heart. I’m not hearing any heart. Run the risk, if you get hurt, you’ll come back. The head says no, but the matter of the fact is the heart cant lie an neither the feelings. This.. to me is love. You must have a definition on your own, but for me, as of today, this is my love.


Halpuah ;eh halmawi kan hal a, a mawi narawh e. Mit a tlai in beng lah a verh. Mahse sum kan senral dan enin a luttul deuh a ni ber mai. Kan ram riangte, thawhchhuah neilo, mahni poh in chawmzo lo hian zankhat thil thua kan halral hi a tam luttuk a, chin zuiloh a tha hle mai. Mi awmthei-Sawrkar hnathok eiru thei te, mi retheite lah hausa te sum hmanga in ei lian sumdawngte hian kan hrat zual niin a lang..Ka rilru a cham eroh chu bazar a thil zuar pakhat auhla kha a ni. Heti hian a ti pek a, “halpuah zuartute leh zu zuar an in ang reng, Sawrkar phalloh thil an zuar ve ve a. Zu zuar poh an man a, an vua a, an tihlum a ni lom ni” tiin. Ngaihtuah zui peihte tan kan dah mai ang chu


Mother earth is deteriorating. Our earth is getting warmer and warmer. Eleven of the last twelve years (1995 -2006) rank among the 12 warmest years in the instrumental record of global surface temperature (since 1850). These trends in global warming does not only affect the rich, but we the poorest too. Unlike a disease it has no specification and no target at all. Global average sea level rose at an average rate of 1.8 [1.3 to 2.3] mm per year over 1961 to 2003. The rate was faster over 1993 to 2003, about 3.1 [2.4 to 3.8] mm per year. The melting of the polar ice caps, the Himalayas threaten the source of the greatest reservoir of fresh water in the form of ice, if they melt away. Such a tragedy would increase the sea level, drowning many cities, destroying millions of cultivated lands, extreme floods in the rivers followed by a series of droughts, extreme climate, extreme cold and heat waves.
Impact of global warming on human health.
A report in the journal Science in June 2002 described the alarming increase in the outbreaks and epidemics of diseases throughout the land and ocean based wildlife due to climate changes. One of the authors points out that, “Climate change is disrupting natural ecosystems in a way that is making life better for infectious diseases.”
Global warming will have many impacts on human health
The most obvious impact of global warming will be the direct effects: a warmer planet will experience more extreme heatwaves. As seen in Europe in 2003, heatwaves often lead to an increase in the number of human deaths, particularly in temperate countries where people are often not accustomed to very hot weather and where houses and other infrastructure are not designed to cope with it. It is estimated that there are currently about 1100 heat-related deaths per year.
Most computer models generated by scientists indicate that the future climate will be more variable than in the past, and that droughts and floods will be more severe. Some of the health effects of weather-related disasters, in addition to the immediate death and injury to people and damage to property, include:
* increases in psychological stress, depression, and feelings of isolation amongst people affected by natural disasters;
* decreases in nutrition due to poorer agricultural yields caused, for example, by prolonged drought and problems of food distribution;
* increases in disease transmission due to a breakdown in sewerage and garbage services. For example, cholera is one disease that thrives in such situations, particularly when flooding causes the contamination of drinking water by sewerage systems.
*Infectious diseases-Many infectious diseases are dependent on vector organisms, which are sensitive to environmental factors and therefore will be affected by global warming. Biological modelling under various climate scenarios suggests a widening of the potential transmission zone of some disease-causing pathogens and their vectors, such as mosquitoes. Food- and water-borne diseases are also susceptible to climate change

Role of everyday men to prevent global warming

Get Educated: Educate yourself about Global warming. You won’t be able to tell other people about it if you don’t have knowledge of the topic yourself!
Change a light. Replacing a regular light bulb with a compact fluorescent one saves 150 pounds of carbon dioxide each year.
Drive less. Walk, bike, carpool, take mass transit, and/or trip chain. All of these things can help reduce gas consumption and one pound of carbon dioxide for each mile you do not drive.
Recycle more and buy recycled. Save up to 2,400 pounds of carbon dioxide each year just by recycling half of your household waste
Check your tires. Properly inflated tires mean good gas mileage. For each gallon of gas saved, 20 pounds of carbon dioxide are also never produced.
Use less hot water. It takes a lot of energy to heat water. Reducing the amount used means big savings in not only your energy bills, but also in carbon dioxide emissions. Using cold water for your wash saves 500 pounds of carbon dioxide a year, and using a low flow showerhead reduces 350 pounds of carbon dioxide. Make the most of your hot water by insulating your tank and keeping the temperature at or below 120.
Avoid products with a lot of packaging. Preventing waste from being created in the first place means that there is less energy wasted and fewer resources consumed..
Plant trees. A single tree can absorb one ton of carbon dioxide over its lifetime.
Turn off electronic devices when not in use.
Stay informed. stay informed about environmental issues, and share your knowledge with others.

We, as an individual, have the chance to fight for our future generations, and must act fast. The trend is changing, are we going to watch our mother earth die before our very own eyes!

Tonight's Cold

Tonight i felt the coldness of the night. A chill ran through my spine. Though I am not afraid, nor scared, all the warmth of life deserted my body and yet physically, I’m not sick. A sound of music then ran through my ears, maybe my heart; Garth brooks singing ‘Unanswered prayers’. As a Christian I am a believer, not with a high degree of conviction. Many times I laid myself in the hands above and find shelter in the comfort of his love. Many times i wandered far from him too, lost, sinned, ran away. Asked myself why such a swing in life. I felt the unexplained chill.

Mi ramah chuan lunglen a na e..

Kum 2007 Mizo idol a an sak hla mawi tak, Zorock-a(ti trah mai ang) hla.. Mi ramah chuan lung len a na e.. lam ang lo let ka nuam e…. An ram ngei ah hlimin an leng. He “Zoram ngaih hla” hian ngaihtuahna a ti thuiin, thinlai a thu mu hnu a kaiharh hle mai. Kan tleirawl chhuah ve lai khan “ram leh hnam humhalh kum” tih hunlai leh Hnama chian in zirtir hunlai kha a ni bawk a, kan tunlai Globalization rilru nen chuan kan ngaihdan a in persan hle mai. Khatih hunlai a thu ka hriat reng pakhat chu hnamdang pasal a nei, ramdanga awmthusawi kha a ni. Ti hian a sawi a-Hnamdang pasala neih chu kan thatlai leh dam chuan hrehawmna hran a awmlova, mahse kum a lo upa a, lunglai a fing a, kan hnam zia leh tih dan te, kan tawng a tawngpui tur te an lo awmlo a, kan upa tawlh tawlh a, a hrehawm tawlh tawlh a ni.
Ram dang, hnam dang nupui pasal innei kan tam ta hle a, a that leh that loh chu a neitu tur thu thu a ni. Hnam a chiang i ti te erawh chuan hnamdang tawnah par ang kan vul hauh lovang tih hi kan ngaihdan a ni tho tho si a. Hmangaihna chuan vunrawng te, ramri leh hnam a thliar lova, mahse kan hmangaih hma a kan tlanchhiatsan ngam chuan, a aia thuk a in tatlut lovin kan awmthei ngei chuan a rinawm.

Malaria avanga thi kan tam e

Malaria avang hian Mizoram-ah hian tawrhna nasa tak a thleng tawhin a thleng mek zel ani. Tun kum 2005 June thla thleng report a a lan danin mi 50 malaria avang hian nunna chan kan awm a,malaria hrik hmuhchhuah kher loh mahse malaria ni ngeia hriat(Clinical malaria) avanga thi tam tak an awm bawk. Kum dang khaikhin chuan a tam hle. Kum 17 liam ta chhung khan malaria avang hian kum tin mi 35 vel zelin nunna an chan a , thi kan tam ber kum chu kum 1999-ah a niin, mi 73-in nunna an chan a, a tlem ber kum chu kum1990-ah a ni a, mi 8-in nunna kan chan a ni. Tin, natna dang zawng aiin malaria avang hian kumtin nunna chan kan tam ber zel bawk Hetianga kan tawrh nasat em avang hian Malaria leh a thlentu thosi chungchang zir chian hna(Research) kan kalpui mek a ni.
Malaria leh DDT
Mizoramah hian malaria chi hnih a awm a chungte chu Malaria pf kan tih mai Plasmodium falciparum in a thlen leh malaria Pv Plasmodium vivax-in a thlen te an ni. Amaherawhchu kan thihpui thin erawh hi chu pf zawk hi a ni. Malaria hi thosi chi khat Anopheles kan tih mai te hian an kai chhawng thei a, malaria tihremna tha ber chu heng thosi te hi tihtlem emaw tihrem a ni. Hemi avang hian kumtin Health Department bultumin thosihlo DDT kah thin a ni.
DDT hi India ramah hian kum 1944 atangin British sipaite khan an hmang tan a, thosi tihrem nan a that em avangin an hmang uar hle. DDT kan hman nasat avang hian kum 1966 phei kha chuan India ramah malaria avanga thi an awm lo ni a report a ni. Hetiang hian DDT hi lo hlawhtling hle mahse chu indonaah chuan thosite chuan tlawm mai an tum bik awzawng lo, kum 1968 chho atang khan India rama DDT haw lo(Resistant) thosi hmuh tan a lo ni ta , chutiang ang bawkin malaria natna te chuan a damdawi chloroquine te chu an haw lo(Resistant) thei bawk, hei hi Assam State ah kum 1971 ah khan India rama hmuh hmasak ber a ni. Hetiang anih avang hian Malaria natna chuan punlun lam a pan leh ta a ni. Mizoramah hian kum 1959 atang khan DDT hi kan hmang ve tan a, kum 1979-1989 khan BHC kan hmang tih loh chu DDT hi thiso hlo atan kan la hman ngar ngar a ni.
Thosi lam ve thung:
India ramah hian Anopheles chi ang thosi hi 58 an awm a, chung zinga chi 28 vel chu Mizoramah hian awmvea ngaih a ni. Heng chi 58 kan sawi zawng zawngte hian malaria natna hi an kai darh vek lova an zinga chi 10 vel chauh hian malaria natna hi an thlen thei a , chung zinga chi 6 chu Mizoramah hian a awm ve a ni.
Mizorama malaria dona a hma latu ber chu Health Department hnuaia Malalria Cell te an ni. An ni hian Central lama an hmalak dan duans a(Plan of Action) chu Mizoramah an kalpui thin. Tun hnai a an hmalakna tlangpui te han tarlang ta mai mai ila: Kum tin DDT kah, Mizorama malaria thlen dan (data) vawn; Malaria hrik a thlawna enna hmun siam; Mipuite hnenah Damdawi(Insecticide Delamethrin-trade name K-Othrin) chiah sa thosi len 190,000 vel an sem tawh; Mizorama hmun 1,044 ah malaria damdawi lakna Drugs Distribution Centre (DDC) leh Khawsik enkawlna Fever Treatment Depot (FTD) hmun 161 velah an nei mek. Tin, malaria dona programme kan hman hi National Vector borne Disease Control Programme, ( Thilnung dang atanga natna inkaichhawn theih chi ang natna dona programme) 1st April 2005 atanga hman tan a ni.
KUM 2005 a malaria pun nachhan ni a
Malaria avanga thi tam ta viau leh malaria avanga thi kan tam ta viau hian ngaihtuahna a titam hle mai. Hetia malaria a tamna chhan nia langte han chhuidawn mai mai ila:
Mau tam tur avang hian Mizoramah mau kan sat nasain a hman tangkai theihna kan zawng nasa hle, hei hian malaria a titam thei. Malaria leh mau chuan inkungkaih awm loh tak a ni a, mahse mau kan sah hian a bul la ding te kha ruahtui tlinna hmun, thosi tuina hmun tha tak kan siamsak a, thosi a tam chuan a natna thlen malaria a tam mai dawn a ni.
Mizoram bouruak hi thosi inthlah chhawnnan a tha hle. Tin, kumin kan ruah sur dan hi thosi te inthlah chhawn nan a tha em em a ni. Ruah tlem a sur a chu chu nisa tha takin a zui deuh zel a. Kum dang angin khua a cheng lova, hei hi thosi inthlahpunna atan a tha hle.
Mizoramah hian thosi hlo kan hman ber DDT hi kan rama thosi te hian an haw tawh lo em ni? tih zawhna hi chhan theih mai a la ni hrih lova, hemi chungchangah hian chiangkuang zawka research tih a ngai nasa hle. DDT resistance hi khawvel hmun dang leh India ramah ngei pawh a tam tawh si a.
Malaria damdawia kan hman lar ber Chloroquine leh Primaquine te hi malaria natna te hian an haw lo(resistant) thei kan tih tawh kha. Mizoramah pawh Health Department in a report danin Siarang, Kolasib leh Hnahthialah te chuan heng ang hi hmuh tan a ni ve ta. Hemi avang hian malaria natna avanga boral kan tam ta a ni ang em?. He lamah pawh hian research tih a la ngai nasa hle.
National Vector borne Disease Control Programme hmalakna hnuaiah Mizoramah hian Malaria damdawi lakna hmun (DDC) 1044 vel atanga damdawi lachhuak zat leh malaria natna vei tam dan report neih a chakawm hle mai. Heng damdawi kan sem thin primaquine leh chloroquine te hi mi tam tak hian Malaria natna laka invenna ah kan ngai thin. Kan hriattur chu heng damdawite hi malaria natna laka invenna nilovin a damdawi chauh a ni Hemi avang hian malaria laka kan invenna tha ber thosilen leh thosi hlo te, in leh a vela tui tling tih bo te hi kan ngaihthah em ni ang le?
Mizoramah hian malaria pf hi a tam hle a, malaria pf hian ‘thluaka lut’ kan tih mai ‘cerebral malaria’ a thlen thei. Lu na, khawsik malaria nih inringte chuan Chloroquine leh primaquine presumptive treatment ni 3 chhung ei mai hi a tha. Hetianga damdawi ei hian malaria thluaka lut chi ang hi a dang thei.He inenkawlna hmanga kan dam mai thei lo a nih chuan damawi hmunpui lam pan mai hi a him hle.
Heng ka han tarlan te bakah hian puh mawh tur dang tam tak a la awm thei awm e. Mizoramah hian malaria chungchang zirchianna bik hi kan la nei tam lo hle. Scientific documantation 2-3 vel, Central lama kan mikhualten Health Department kaltlanga an nei tih mai loh chu engmah kan nei lo. Chuvang chuan kum tina kan thih tamna ber malaria hian zirchian a mamawh em em a ni tih a lang thei a ni.

Sulhnu hlauhawm

Kan ramah hian kan sawrkar chak tak hian kan nitin hnawmhnawk hi khawpui pawnah a sawngbawl a, a tunlai( Civilized) lo ang bera a thawh avang hian kan nakin nun hian a la tur ang tih a hlauawm mange. Chhum ang maia zam hi a takah chuan bawlhlawh hal khuk a ni e. Tuna kan hmuh mek hi LAD Department in tuirial a bawlhhlawh paina hmun a ni. Kan sawngbawldan a changkan loh em avang hian hun lo la kal zel turah kan tawrh phah ang tih hi a dik a ni.